Prof. Gaurav Agarwal

Prof. Gaurav Agarwal
Department of Endocrine & Breast Surgery

  • Department of Endocrine Surgery, SGPGIMS, Lucknow-226 014, INDIA
  • +91 (522) 2494160, 2494409
  • +91-522-2668017


Dr Gaurav Agarwal, MS, FACS is currently a Professor in the Department of Endocrine & Breast Surgery at the Sanjay Gandhi Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences (SGPGIMS) in Lucknow, India, He graduated with distinction from the Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, India. He obtained general surgery residency training and a Master of Surgery degree from the IMS, BHU Varanasi, and was awarded National Board certification in Surgery in 1993. He received residency and fellowship training in Endocrine & Breast Surgery at SGPGIMS Lucknow, and was the first surgeon in India to be awarded a Post-doctoral certificate of training in this discipline. He had further training as a Tom Reeve International Clinical Fellow (2000-2001) in Endocrine Surgery at University of Sydney Australia, as UICC fellow at University of Nagoya Medical School in Japan, and as a Robert Schumann foundation scholar at the European Institute of Tele-surgery in Strasbourg France. He was awarded a Certificate of Advanced Surgical Training by the Royal Australasian College of Surgeons in 2001, and is a Fellow of the American College of Surgeons. He was awarded the UICC-ICRETT Fellowship and the International Guest Scholarship Award of the American College of Surgeons in 2005. He has visited numerous renowned universities, institutions and hospitals in North America, Europe, Japan and Australia, and has delivered more than 100 invited lectures at various fora in India and abroad.
Dr. Agarwal joined the Endocrine & Breast Surgery faculty at SGPGIMS Lucknow in 1997. He founded and convenes the SGPGI Breast Health program and was instrumental in establishing the minimal access endocrine surgery program and sentinel lymph node and breast oncoplasty at SGPGIMS. His clinical interests relate to evidence-based contemporary surgical practice and minimal invasive surgical treatment of thyroid, parathyroid, and adrenal glands; comprehensive multi-modality breast cancer management. He pioneered video assisted thoracoscopic surgical (VATS) thymectomy for myasthenia gravis in India in 1999. He practices a wide range of high quality contemporary surgical procedures employing state of the art surgical techniques and technology, including sutureless thyroidectomy, intra-operative neuro-monitoring, minimally invasive thyroid and parathyroid surgery, intra-operative PTH monitoring, laparoscopic and laparoscopic assisted adrenalectomy, breast conservation surgery, oncoplastic breast surgical procedures, sentinel lymph nodes biopsy and breast reconstruction.
Dr Gaurav Agarwal devotes considerable time in clinical and basic breast cancer and endocrine oncology research (vide infra) and has published more than 120 scientific papers in peer reviewed indexed journals, many of which are frequently cited in surgical literature. Dr. Agarwal has served on editorial boards of several surgical and scientific journals, including the World Journal of Surgery, and is on the editorial advisory board of Schwartz’s Textbook of Surgery. He reviews scientific papers for large number of journals of repute. He has in past served as the Secretary of Breast Surgery International, an affiliated society of the International Society of Surgery (ISS/SIC). He is a member of more than 20 International and Indian professional societies, and has been/ is member of the Council of the ISS/SIC (2005-2009), Indian Association of Endocrine Surgeons (2004-2008) and Association of Breast Surgeons on India (2011- current).

Honors and Awards

Fellowships/ Scholarships:
  1. Honorary Fellowship, International College of Laparoscopic Surgeons, 2012.
  2. Fellow of American College of Surgeons, 2007
  3. American College of Surgeons International Guest Scholarship, 2005
  4. UICC-ICRETT Fellowship, University of Nagoya School of Medicine, May-June 2005.
  5. T.S.Reeve international clinical fellowship in Endocrine surgery, University of Sydney and Royal North Shore Hospital, NSW, Australia, 2000-2001.
  6. Scholarship of the Robert Schumann foundation, France, (minimal invasive endocrine surgery) at the European Institute of Tele-surgery, and Hopital Civil, Strasbourg, France, November, 1999.
  7. Nagoya Red-Cross Fellowship, Nagoya 2nd Red Cross Hospital, Nagoya, Japan, March 1999.
  8. Designated International Faculty of the “Breast Surgery International” (BSI) Assigned to receive trainees and visit other centers to train in clinical, operative and research methodologies
  9. Member, WHO-ICMR expert panel- Breast cancer protocol development for India.
  10. Member, Expert committee- Breast health global initiative USA for breast cancer care protocols development for low and middle income countries
Best Paper Awards/ Orations/ Lecturer-ships:
  1. Dr SC Misra oration of the UP chapter of Association of Surgeons of India, 2011.
  2. JD Parekh oration award of Association of surgeons of India (Indore city chapter), March 2008.
  3. Best paper award (BSI) at the 41st World Congress of Surgery of ISS/SIC, Durban South Africa, 2005.
  4. DSL Best paper award of the Endocrine Society of India, 2004.
  5. Best paper award at the 102nd Congress of Japan Surgical Society, Kyoto, Japan, 2002./li>
  6. Clinical paper at the 23rd annual meeting of American Association of Endocrine Surgeons, Banff, Canada, 2002.
  7. Acted as the "Sole Reactor" in the Basic Oncology Research session at the 6th APCC, Manila, Philippines, November, 2001.
  8. Best paper award (basic research in breast cancer) at international conference on "Breast cancer in the new millennium", Nagpur, 2000.
  9. Best clinical paper award of the Endocrine Society of India, 1998.
  10. Dr. R.K. Garg best paper (Best Thesis) award of U.P. chapter Assoc. of Surgeons of India, 1992.
  11. Consolation Prize (poster), 2nd annual conference of U.P. chapter of ISG, 1992.
Merit Awards/ Scholarship:
  1. “Best MS (Surgery) Thesis in the state Award” by the U.P. chapter of ASI of India, 1992.
  2. 3rd in order of merit in Final MBBS examination, 1988 of Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi.
  3. Awarded Department of ENT, BHU Silver Medal, 1988.
  4. Awarded Department of ENT, BHU Merit Scholarship, 1988.
  5. Distinctions in Forensic Medicine and Otolaryngology in MBBS Professional Exams.
Travel Bursaries/ Conference grants:
  1. CSIR travel grant (1998) to attend 6th congress of the Asian association of endocrine surgeons, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
  2. JSS travel grants on six occasions (1999, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, and 2010) to attend the annual congress of the Japan Surgical society.
  3. Asia-Oceania Thyroid society travel award (2000) to attend International Thyroid Congress, Kyoto, Japan, 2000
  4. Royal North Shore hospital/ University of Sydney Medical specialists fund award to attend the Annual conference of American Association of Endocrine Surgeons, Atlanta GA USA, 2001.
  5. Asia Pacific cancer congress lecturer-ship to attend and lecture at the 14th Asia Pacific cancer congress, Manila 2001.
  6. BSI lecturer-ship 2005 to deliver lecture at 41st world congress of surgery, Durban, South Africa.
  7. IAES travel award 2005- for presentation at the IAES section, International surgical week 2005, Durban South Africa.
  8. DST travel grant (2009) to attend the 43rd world congress of surgery, Adelaide Australia.
  9. UGC travel grant (2011) to present paper at the 32nd Annual conference of American Association of Endocrine Surgeons, Houston TX USA.

Area of Research Interest

Endocrine Oncology/ Endocrine Surgical Research:
  1. Vitamin D deficiency, molecular Ca++/Vit D metabolic pathways in parathyroid oncogenesis, and in pathogenesis of skeletal disease in PHPT
  2. Myocardial and vasothelial dysfunction in overtly symptomatic primary hyperparathyroidism patients
  3. Intra-operative iPTH dynamics in patients undergoing surgery for hyperparathyroidism.
  4. Densitometric studies by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry in patients with PHPT.
  5. Follow-up studies in PHPT patients: biochemical, radiologic and densitometric recovery of parathyroid bone disease following parathyroidectomy.
  6. Catecholamine induced cardiac dysfunction in pheochromocytoma patients
  7. Evolution of Cost-effective Minimal Invasive Endocrine Surgical Procedures.
  8. Evolution of cost-effective surgical techniques and technology
  9. Ethics in surgical/ clinical research.
Breast Cancer Research:
  1. Iodine metabolism and thyroid dysfunction in breast oncogenesis.
  2. Anti-proliferative effect of molecular iodine in breast cancer cell lines
  3. Cellular/ molecular iodine transport mechanism (Na+/I- symporter gene) in breast oncogenesis and therapy.
  4. Global gene expression & alterations in candidate genes in Indian breast cancer patients
  5. Pharmaco-genetic assessments in breast cancer and correlation with treatment outcomes.
  6. Skeletal metabolism in breast cancer patients: prediction of skeletal metastases using bone turnover markers.
  7. Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy (MRS) studies in malignant and benign breast tumours.
  8. Sentinel Lymph nodes studies in breast cancer.
  9. Breast cancer management protocols for low and middle income countries

Current Active Research

  1. “Outcomes of triple negative breast cancers in comparison with other subtypes.”
  2. “Multi-national multi-centric study on sentinel lymph node biopsy using novel technology and dyes.”
  3. “Pharmacogenetic assessments in breast cancer treatment outcomes.”
  4. “To investigate anti-proliferative efficacy of molecular iodine in breast cancer cell lines and nude mice model in relation to hormonal milieu: a combitorial approach.”
  5. “Global gene-expression profiling and candidate genes mutation studies in Indian breast cancer patients.”
  6. “Prospective Case-control Study of Myocardial and Endothelial Dysfunction in Symptomatic Primary Hyperparathyroidism Patients and its Reversal Following Surgical Cure.”
  7. “Study of Catecholamine induced dysfunction and cardio-myopathy and its reversal following curative surgery in pheochromocytoma patients.”
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